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How Rugs Are Made and What Materials are Used - Everything You Need To Know!

How Rugs Are Made and What Materials are Used - Everything You Need To Know!

An area rug not only completes a room but also ties the living space and decor together. Every rug has a style that can quickly bring out elements of a home's interior or exterior, if not the component or highlight of the room itself. Traditionally, area rugs were handmade, but technology has transformed manufacturing rugs with the use of machines.

Moreover, nowadays, there is a range of different materials used to create rugs, from durable synthetic materials to superior handloom wool. The quality of the material a rug is made from will affect the durability, look, and feel of the rug, thereby affecting its function. Whether you are contemplating a Persian rug or a runner for your hallway, it's essential to know what materials the rug is made from and how it is made.  

After reading this article, we're confident that you'll be able to decide on a perfect rug to match your decor, lifestyle, and budget!

Materials used to make area rugs

Having the perfect area rug for your home begins with understanding the material used to make it. The material determines the look, feel, lifespan, and care of your rug.

Check out our guide on the most commonly used materials:

Natural Fiber

SKU: NF747A-10

Natural fiber brings an organic look and neutral texture in a flat weave to any setting. It is a natural choice for adding a casual look to classic living and family rooms or for, for example, relaxed kickback feels for the weekend cottage. Here are some examples of natural fiber rugs:


SKU: EM421A-2

Wool is many people's favorite natural fiber and an excellent, classic choice for a carpet. It's soft, durable, easy to clean, and adds an element of tranquility and coziness. Even after being subject to extended wear, wool fiber does not become matted, and the material repels water and other liquids. For this reason, a wool rug can maintain its appearance for years to come. And because wool is a durable fiber that springs back, it's a practical choice for high traffic areas.


SKU: BLM420A-4

Cotton is soft and usually found in flat woven or braided rugs. These rugs give off a more relaxed feeling than wool. You may even flip cotton rugs if one side becomes too stained, and quite like cotton clothes, you can safely wash them in a washing machine. For the right situation, they are an attractive, practical choice.

Jute and Sisal

SKU: NF443D-210

Jute and sisal rugs are durable, attractive area rugs created from organic plant fibers. They're eco-friendly, firm, and affordable, and best for outdoor areas.

Silk and Viscose

SKU: SOH714A-212

Silk and viscose rugs are known for their visual, and elegant dept, and luxurious shine. They are delicate rugs that we recommend for areas of the home where traffic is low to prevent any damage.

Natural Hide and Leather

SKU: STL165A-27

These rugs are one of the best ways to add softness, comfort, and a touch of luxuriousness to any room. These natural materials are typically sourced from meat processing plants, in which furs and hides are recycled.

Synthetic Fiber

SKU: ARA100B-10

Synthetic fiber rugs present value in a new generation of human-made material. They are incredibly durable, colorfast, and ideal for high-traffic areas. They're also priced at low costs because of how they are made, giving you the flexibility to update rooms with seasonal colors and textures regularly. Synthetic rug materials are viscose, nylon, polyester, and polypropylene - a little bit more about those materials below.



Nylon is durable and easy to clean. They are easy to clean because of their flat surface, which repels dirt and other small particles. Nylon possesses a slight glossiness as well, which can boost its appearance.



Polyester is a synthetic fiber, and the way polyester rugs are made allows them to produce more vibrant and long-lasting colors. In addition to being hardwearing, polyester can withstand spills and other stain inducers. Overall, it's an excellent material for a low-maintenance rug.

Polypropylene (Olefin)

SKU: 511-31775-24

Polypropylene is the most common material used for making area rugs. The strands of this rug's material are spill and stain-resistant, easy to maintain, do not fade after exposure to sunlight, and can deal with moisture and heavy traffic. These rugs are the best alternative for any natural material rug at a more affordable cost.

Natural Dyes

SKU: NTR12201748

Natural dyes are derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. Natural dyes retain their intense and vibrant colors over a lifetime. Like natural fibers, natural dyes are drawn from natural resources and are an excellent choice for those who suffer from allergies to harsh ingredients in synthetic dyes.

Synthetic Dyes


Synthetic dyes were created to produce rugs with more colors at a lower cost. These dyes allow rugs to have gorgeous and rich color combinations.

How are Area Rugs Made?

Nowadays, rugs can be handmade or manufactured. Let us explain the difference between rug types, why some wear more quickly, why some last longer, and their price differences.

The construction of area rugs is the story of man versus machine. Modern technology enables us to mass produce area rugs in a broad spectrum of design, colors, and sizes, while handmade rugs can be more durable and last a lifetime. Let us take a deeper look at some of the main differences.

There are three types of handmade area rugs:

Hand-Knotted Rugs

So much craftsmanship goes into hand-knotted rugs. These rugs are created with a handloom machine and hitched by weavers. The creation of these rugs is an antique art that demands a lot of appreciation. The loom's size relies on the rug's size that needs to be weaved, and braiding is done from start to end. The craftsman embeds the "knots" into the carpet's foundation, and they are knitted by hand; this makes the "pile" of the floor covering. Pile is how thick or thin a rug is. The weaving time entirely depends on the design and complexity. Wool, cotton, silk, jute, and other organic materials are used to create hand-knotted area rugs. Hand-knotted rugs generally last for many generations if they are appropriately maintained. They come at a higher cost because of the love and labor involved. However, when spending money on a hand-knotted rug, you may rest assured that these rugs genuinely are of the highest quality.

Handwoven Rugs

Handwoven rugs are usually known as "Flat Weave" because they are flat. Flatweave area rugs are created with no pile. They are made with cotton, wool, and jute strands. Handwoven floor coverings are woven like baskets and look identical from the front and back sides. So if you are looking for a rug for your home's high area traffic, these rugs are the best options. They are moderately priced.

Hand-tufted Rugs     

Tufted floor rugs are usually made of wool. The method of designing hand-tufted rugs is entirely different from hand-knotted rugs. A hand-tufted area rug is formed by punching wool fibers into a canvas extended on a casing with the assistance of a tufting tool operated by hand. These rugs are generally more affordable than hand-knotted or handwoven rugs.

Then there are machine made rugs:

Machine Made Rugs

Machine-made rugs are created with large machines, which are known as power loom. These machines are operated electrically and regulated by computers. Machine-made rugs can be built expeditiously with natural and synthetic fibers like wool, silk, polypropylene, nylon polyester, and acrylic. Machine-made floor coverings are economical alternatives to hand-knotted rugs and have a life cycle of 15-20 years or less, all relying on the materials' qualities.

Machine-made rugs are perfect for home decor if you are looking for a rug that can handle more wear and tear without breaking the bank.


We encourage you to carefully consider the type of materials and ultimately the type of rug while keeping in mind the home area where you are going to place it. Consider the traffic volume, sunlight, room usage, and other factors to choose the suitable type of rug. Do you want a rug that stays with you in good condition for a longer time? Do you change decor often? Do you need a rug that will be easy to clean? Rug District CA has a vast collection of rugs! We'll help you ensure the perfect type of rug per your requirement. Check out our top rug brands here:

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